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Islamic worldview w.r. to the presence or not thereof of the philosophical phenomena of subject-object.

Underpinning the historical development of philosophy in Western Thinking , the role of the subject –object phenomena can be traced quite clearly from the Aristotelian Socratic era to that of St Thomas Aquinas (1224-1274).

Perhaps the most significant development in the realm of this thinking ,took place during the late 17th century with Immanuel Kant ,followed by the German philosophers of the Romantic era , during the 19th century on the part of such thinkers as Arthur Schopenhauer, F.W.T. Schelling ,G.W. Hegel usw. T

The purpose of this article is not to provide a comprehensive overview of these philosophers , but rather to place them within a context under the rubric of subject –object development.

However, it was the incorporation of Greek into the Western Thinking that enabled this phenomenon to develop , whereby Western scientific analysis became possible at all. In order for there to be analysis of an object, the observer must be separate from the object under observation. This is what the line of philosophical development enabled.

Within the realm of Islamic thinking, there has been no such parallel development.

A major component , and indeed the translation of the word Islam itself, is “submission” to Allah’s will, thus crippling the analytical process.

Historically seen , up until the 8th century , there had been two opposing divisions within Islam. The first of these was Hanbalite-Ash’arite formular, i.e.complete submission and no presence of free will. The second was the Mu’tazilites which indeed recognized reason as part of the Islamic thought realm. For some reason however during this century , the side which began to prevail , was that of the first above mentioned sphere. Indeed, the inclusion of the Aristotelian Socratic philosophy was rejected entirely by the Islamic world.

With such a dominance, occasionalism, resulting from there being no inherent underlying order became reality. Thus, If nothing is ordered, it can’t be analysed. This has been put forward by Robert R. Reilly in his fascinating book: “The Closing of the Muslim Mind” How intellectual Suicide created the modern Islamist Crisis- 2015, Wilmington Delaware.

The Western World did indeed incorporate Greek thinking into their philosophers ands this author maintains that this has facilitated the developments of both science and economies in the West , which not one Arab country can exhibit.

However, before we rest on our laurels, we in the West must pose ourselves the profoundly serious question , employing the terms applied by Fydior Dostojevski in his novel :

 

“ The brothers Kamarazov”. The problematic of strict separation of subject and object seems to have been of paramount to concern to him , as this novel makes clear. In it, Ivan is the Secular Humanist and Aljoscha , his brother, is a monk. Dostojevski places Ivan under the rubric of fused subject and object, whereas his monk brother Aljoscha still holds the traditional strict separation between subject-object . This is a continuation of the Aristotelian – Thomistic line. I have dealt with this theme in a previous article which can be found on my website.

What will happen to Western Civilization if the accumulated capital acquired from the legacy of Aljoscha finally expires, leaving Ivan entirely alone in the field ? Will this mean a philosophical return on the part of the West to the 8th century?

There are still some pockets of Aljoschas in existence, but will they be of sufficient strength to be able to survive the onslaught?

I sincerely hope so

 

Why do some people, not of Arabic descent, convert to Islam?

Why do some people , not of Arabic descent convert to Islam?

The peoples of the USA , Australia, Europe etc historically seen, are of European origin. This , in turn , means that the philosophical basis of their culture has been that underlying Christianity and is thus being coupled with the natural law principles based on Aristotle and later on Thomas Aquinas etc.

Therefore , each individual has the free will to either accept or not , to live by the ten commandments as set out by the old testament in the Bible.

But the free will to choose has as its underlying prerequisite the possession of sufficient psychological strength to be able to choose to live by the rules set out by the bible, which has been under constant attack by Secularism for the past two centuries. It has been the basis for Western Civilization since the time of Christ.

The fruits of Christianity have brought about the strict separation between subject and object and has thus enabled the independent analysis of objects , an essential component of science as we know it. I have discussed this theme in another article by way of the application of ideas put forward by Dostoyevsky in his book” The Brothers Kamarazov”.

In direct contradiction to this, is that of the complete “submission to Islam” i.e.to the will of Allah. This has as a consequence , there being no such thing as free will , one must submit oneself to the rules set out in the Koran, thereby inhibiting the development of scientific discovery, as has been the case under Islamic rule.

There is no death penalty for choosing not to live by the rules set out in the Christian bible. Under Islam , the death penalty does exist for those denouncing Islam.

This author would therefore argue, that for those people from European descent choosing to convert to Islam , are those who do not possess the necessary psychological strength to choose to live by the bible and prefer rather to have the imposition of Islamic laws placed upon them, where the lines are clear. They possibly find life easier to cope with that way.

 

prerequisite the possessing of sufficient psychological strength to do so. It is not an easy choice to live by

 

Extraordinary Coincidences Spanning Three Centuries!

What is the connection between the persona of Pope John Paul II, Sir John Aylef, featured in the Hans Holbein painting of “King Henry VIII and the barber surgeons”, the Oxford born and educated Mark Todd and the Kalgoorlie Western Australia born and raised Elizabeth Brinsden with the UJEP university, Usti nad Labem, Czech Republic?

There seems to be a direct connection.

In September, 1983, Pope John Paul II was visiting Vienna, the Australian born and raised, Elizabeth Brinsden was playing the organ for the service, which was broadcast live on Austrian Television. ( ORF) The Czechs, living close to the boarder heard it, illegally of course as at that time the country was still under Communist rule. Soon afterwards, Elizabeth Brinsden received an offer to come and give a performance at the Olomouc Music Festival. She thereupon came and gave a performance at the festival in 1985. At this festival some friendships were formed between her and people such as Jiri Fukac, from Brno.

Not without irony is the fact that it was none other than Pope John Paul II who played such an important role, resulting in the ultimate fall of the Communist system, thereby facilitating the entry of Mark Todd and the re-entry of Elizabeth Brinsden into the Czech Republic.

When the Communist wall did then come down and people in this country were looking for people to come here and teach English, Elizabeth Brinsden decided to return whereby landing at the UJEP University Faculty of Socioeconomics (FSE).

At that time, Mark Todd was teaching at the English Department at UJEP. A friendship between them was struck up. Some time later, some research was carried out by people in England and it was established that the roots of the Brinsden family could be traced back to Sir John Aylef. Elizabeth received an invitation to come and give a recital at the church in Winterbourne Monkton where the ancestors had been clergymen in the Anglican Church- e.g. Reverend John Brinsden ( born in 1642) an Oxford educated Clergyman. Mark Todd had by that stage returned to England but he attended the concert and even organised for a cellist to play with Elizabeth Brinsden.

Recently, Mark Todd discovered a will which had been drawn up by a lawyer for his ancestor and it had been signed by Rev John Brinsden.

This exhibits many quaint ironies, which are the spice of life per se.